Pyramid Scheme

Blast founder Tieshun "Pacman" Roquerre is suddenly fending off the critics. (Creative Commons, modified by CoinDesk)
Blast's One-Week, $600M Haul Shows Promise of Yield, Pitfalls of Hype
The idea of a yield-paying layer-2 blockchain atop Ethereum has clearly demonstrated market allure. But even the project's biggest investor has taken issue with the execution...
Blast founder Tieshun "Pacman" Roquerre is suddenly fending off the critics. (Creative Commons, modified by CoinDesk)

(Alexander Gray/Unsplash)
Fifth-Largest Holder of Polygon Tokens Is Little-Known Chinese Crypto Project
At least one observer says Avatar is a multilevel-marketing (MLM) scheme in which users generate significant rewards for every person they successfully refer.
(Alexander Gray/Unsplash)

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Co-Founder of OneCoin Pyramid Scheme Pleads Guilty; ‘CryptoQueen’ Still Wanted
Karl Greenwood has admitted to federal wire fraud and money laundering charges in the $4 billion OneCoin scam, the U.S. Department of Justice says.
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Ruja Ignatova (OneCoin Corporation)
The Missing CryptoQueen Has Friends in (Very) High Places
With evidence of complicity at the very highest levels of government, the BBC’s years-long investigation into the OneCoin pyramid scheme returns.
Ruja Ignatova (OneCoin Corporation)

(Getty Images)
Brazilian Police Issue Warrants Against Alleged Leader of $767M Crypto Pyramid Scheme
Francisley Valdevino da Silva, known as the "cryptocurrency sheik," has 20 seizure warrants against him.
(Getty Images)

Lado Okhotnikov (YouTube self-promotional video)
How to Stop Forsage, Meta Force and Other Smart Contract Pyramid Schemes
An SEC indictment notwithstanding, it's not easy to taking down online pyramid schemes, says our columnist. Here are some ideas.
Lado Okhotnikov (YouTube self-promotional video)

Elon Musk Reiterates Dogecoin Support Despite Lawsuit
Elon Musk Reiterates Dogecoin Support Despite Lawsuit
“The Hash” team discusses Elon Musk’s recent tweet about “supporting Dogecoin,” despite the Tesla CEO facing a $258 billion lawsuit over claims of an alleged pyramid scheme to...
Elon Musk Reiterates Dogecoin Support Despite Lawsuit

Eddy Alexandre allegedly ran the $59 million pyramid scheme (note: the chyron in the screenshot misspells Alexandre's name). (FBI/modified by CoinDesk)
N.Y. Man Arrested, Charged With Fraud for Alleged Role in $59M Crypto Pyramid Scheme
The FBI says Eddy Alexandre promised investors he could double their money with a “robo-adviser” – and then spent their money on luxury cars and business expenses.
Eddy Alexandre allegedly ran the $59 million pyramid scheme (note: the chyron in the screenshot misspells Alexandre's name). (FBI/modified by CoinDesk)

Shanghai (Freeman Zhou/Unsplash)
Shanghai Police Bust $16M Crypto Pyramid Scheme
It's the city's first cracked case of an online pyramid scheme that used cryptocurrencies, according to authorities.
Shanghai (Freeman Zhou/Unsplash)

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The FTC Doesn’t See the Difference Between Crypto and LuLaRoe
A warning that lumped crypto exchanges with MLMs is misguided. But it’s also an important window into regulators’ mindsets.
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