Lending network Voltage Finance, powered by Ola Finance, was exploited for over $4.67 million in a “re-entrancy” attack on Thursday, according to a post-mortem report released by the developers.
- Ola allows projects to create and own their own lending networks in a permissionless manner, while Voltage is the user interface that provides access to Fuse.
- The Fuse network was exploited for 216,964.18 USDC, 507,216.68 BUSD, 200,000.00 fUSD, 550.45 wrapped ether, 26.25 wrapped bitcoin, and 1,240,000.00 FUSE. All of that is worth over $4.67 million at current prices.
- The attack occurred via a re-entrancy vulnerability in the ERC677 token standard. Reentrancy is a common bug that allows attackers to trick a smart contract by making repeated calls to a protocol in order to steal assets. A call is an authorization for the smart contract address to interact with a user’s wallet address.
- In the first heist transaction, the attacker took a 515 WETH flash loan from the WETH-WBTC pair on Voltage Finance to fund the attack. In later transactions, the attacker avoided a flash loan by using the funds that had already been stolen, the post-mortem report confirmed. Voltage is a decentralized trading protocol that allows for the automated trading of DeFi tokens on the Fuse network.
- Attackers were able to trick Voltage’s smart contracts by transferring wrapped assets – generating using flash loans, a form of uncollateralized lending – and calling the smart contract into transferring funds from Voltage to the hacker’s addresses.
- Ola Finance said the attack couldn't be replicated on other lending networks that it supports. “We will investigate each token’s 'transfer' logic to make sure no problematic token standards are in use,” the developers said.
- Meanwhile, Voltage said it was speaking with external parties to trace the attacker and create a plan to compensate affected users.
UPDATE (April 4, 06:30 UTC): Adds further details regarding Ola Finance and Voltage Finance in lead and second bullet.
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