South Korea Financial Regulator Proposes Consumer Protection Rules for Crypto Users

The rules are scheduled to take affect on July 19 next year.

AccessTimeIconDec 11, 2023 at 4:33 p.m. UTC
Updated Mar 8, 2024 at 6:30 p.m. UTC
  • South Korea has proposed new rules to protect the customers of virtual asset services providers.
  • The country has been ramping up regulation of the industry in recent months.
  • The rules do not cover non-fungible tokens (NFTs).

South Korea's Financial Services Commission (FSC) has proposed rules to protect the customers of virtual asset services providers (VASPs), the regulator said on Monday.

The rules, which come under the Virtual Asset User Protection Act passed earlier this year, are scheduled to take effect on July 19, 2024. They are open for public comment until Jan. 22.

The Act defines digital assets and provides statutory grounds for sanctions, including criminal penalties and fines "to punish unfair trading activities using virtual assets." It also requires VASPs, or exchanges, to monitor abnormal transactions and alert the FSC when appropriate.

South Korea has been ramping up its efforts to regulate the crypto sector in recent months. In July, the FSC announced draft rules that will require companies to disclose if they own or hold crypto starting next year.

Under the incoming rules, VASPs must pay fees to customers for using their deposits. When exchanges store their assets in banks, the banks are allowed to invest the deposits in safe assets like government bonds.

The rules also require exchanges to store 80% or more of customers' deposits in cold wallets. A cold wallet is a crypto wallet that is not permanently online and is less vulnerable to cyberattacks.

The Act does not apply to non-fungible tokens (NFTs) and central bank digital currencies (CBDCs).

Edited by Sheldon Reback.


Please note that our privacy policy, terms of use, cookies, and do not sell my personal information has been updated.

CoinDesk is an award-winning media outlet that covers the cryptocurrency industry. Its journalists abide by a strict set of editorial policies. In November 2023, CoinDesk was acquired by the Bullish group, owner of Bullish, a regulated, digital assets exchange. The Bullish group is majority-owned by; both companies have interests in a variety of blockchain and digital asset businesses and significant holdings of digital assets, including bitcoin. CoinDesk operates as an independent subsidiary with an editorial committee to protect journalistic independence. CoinDesk employees, including journalists, may receive options in the Bullish group as part of their compensation.

Camomile Shumba

Camomile Shumba is a CoinDesk regulatory reporter based in the UK. She previously worked as an intern for Business Insider and Bloomberg News. She does not currently hold value in any digital currencies or projects.