Major global crypto companies like FTX and Binance need to be subject to tougher rules with more international regulatory cooperation, Elizabeth McCaul, a member of the European Central Bank's supervisory board, said in a blog post on Wednesday.
McCaul, a member of the ECB arm responsible for overseeing banks, said recent attempts to regulate crypto such as the European Union’s Markets in Crypto Assets regulation, or MiCA, wouldn’t fully address the problem of complex international structures, or the “ecosystem” companies that claim to have no headquarters.
“How can we supervise firms that have no physical borders?,” McCaul said. “We need to put more thought into imagining what international coordination will look like and how it can be effective in regulating the crypto world.”
McCaul cited precedents from banking, where consolidated groups are governed by “colleges” of international supervisors. She also noted that with securities, regulators defer to foreign jurisdictions that are deemed to be equivalent, but said that crypto companies would need to become more legally accountable.
“No jurisdiction should allow entities to run their business without disclosing their legal status and who is responsible for the business,” she said. “Even firms that claim to have no headquarters, such as Binance, need to be ‘supervisable’.”
While smaller entities could remain under MiCA, which is set to be made final by the European Parliament within weeks, McCaul said major crypto providers would need a separate regime with stricter requirements and enhanced supervision. The threshold for deeming an operator as "significant" also needs to shift, given that neither FTX nor Binance, two crypto exchanges, met the current criteria, she added.
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