Indian Central Bank Says Cryptos Could Lead to ‘Dollarization’ of Economy: Report

RBI officials said cryptocurrencies could undermine the central bank's capacity to regulate the flow of money.

AccessTimeIconMay 16, 2022 at 6:27 a.m. UTC
Updated May 11, 2023 at 3:36 p.m. UTC
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Cryptocurrencies can lead to the "dollarization" of a part of the economy, which could be against the country's sovereign interest, top officials of the Reserve Bank of India, the country's central bank, told a parliamentary committee on finance, according to a Press Trust of India report.

  • "Almost all cryptocurrencies are dollar-denominated and issued by foreign private entities, it may eventually lead to dollarization of a part of our economy, which will be against the country's sovereign interest," the officials told members of the finance committee, including Jayant Sinha, chairman of the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Finance.
  • Amid the "crypto crash" last week, central bank officials said cryptocurrencies have the potential to become a medium of exchange and replace the rupee in both domestic and international financial transactions, according to the report.
  • "It will seriously undermine the RBI's capacity to determine monetary policy and regulate the monetary system of the country. It could replace a part of the monetary system undermining RBI's capacity to regulate the flow of money in the system," RBI officials said.
  • The officials reiterated their "institutional view that cryptocurrencies should be banned," a source familiar with the matter told CoinDesk.
  • “The RBI has said this to the parliamentary committee last year, too. The RBI is talking about the dangers of dollarization and banning crypto with regard to its use case as a currency or legal tender not necessarily as an asset class,” the source in the parliamentary committee on finance said.
  • Earlier this month, CoinDesk reported on how the parliamentary committee on finance had "chided" representatives of India's crypto industry for overstating the importance of crypto without addressing challenges such as using crypto to fund terrorism and for money laundering.

UPDATE (May 16, 6:45 UTC): Adds source quote in the fifth bullet.


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Amitoj Singh

Amitoj Singh is CoinDesk's regulatory reporter covering India. He holds BTC and ETH below CoinDesk's disclosure threshold of $1,000.

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