The first publicly traded bitcoin exchange-traded fund (ETF) in North America has been given the go-ahead by Canada's financial regulator.
According to a decision document on Thursday, Purpose Investment's receipt of approval from the Ontario Securities Commission (OSC) was filed under a Multilateral Instrument passport system in multiple Canadian jurisdictions.
Those territories include British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland and Labrador, Northwest Territories, Yukon and Nunavut.
While multiple close-ended bitcoin funds have been listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange, such as the ones listed by Canadian investment manager 3iQ, they differ from an ETF. In the case of an ETF, units are issued on a continuous basis while close-ended funds issue units only at their initial public offering and reopenings.
According to the fact sheet, the fund is targeting investors who are seeking long-term capital growth and an attractive risk-adjusted rate of return and who can tolerate "high risk."
ETFs contain a basket of investments, similar to mutual funds, but trade on exchanges much in the same way stocks do. An ETF's risk is based on what kind of underlying assets it has, and the bitcoin ETF is considered "high risk."
Those seeking a "steady source of income" from their investment are advised against buying into the fund.
The fund's expenses consist of a management fee as well as operating and trading costs whereby the annual management fee is currently set at 1% of the value of bitcoin. The fund is so new that its operating expenses and trading costs haven't been provided yet.
Eric Balchunas, a senior analyst at Bloomberg, said he believes the fund in Canada is a "good sign" for a U.S.-sanctioned bitcoin ETF.
"Gotta love their [Canada's] liberal regulators, or perhaps they’re normal and SEC [Securities and Exchange Commission] too conservative," Balchunas tweeted. "Either way U.S. usually follows shortly after."
The Toronto Stock Exchange is expected to list the fund in Canadian dollars, and the portfolio and fund will be managed by Purpose Investments.
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