The price of gold is off from its all-time high while bitcoin is within striking distance of a record. Billions of dollars are flowing out of gold while institutional money is pouring into bitcoin.
The narrative for some cryptocurrency advocates – and a growing chorus on Wall Street – is that investors have finally seen the light and are pulling money out of the yellow metal, an ancient hedge against inflation, and into bitcoin, the safe haven of the future.
However, another explanation could be that a sunnier global economic outlook means there’s a little more comfort risking money on digital assets. Rather than a doomsday trade, bitcoin is a sign of exuberance, in this interpretation.
While trading 8.5% higher from when the year started, gold is still down more than 12% from its all-time high set back in early August, closing at $1,805 per troy ounce Tuesday. A couple of weeks ago, $4 billion left the gold market, a record outflow, according to Bank of America. Bitcoin, meanwhile, is up 162% for the year to date.
Last week, JPMorgan analysts Nikolaos Panigirtzoglou, Mika Inkenen and Ekansh Agarwal wrote in their “Flow & Liquidity” report about the recent growth spurt of the Grayscale Bitcoin Trust, citing it as a proxy for institutional interest in bitcoin. (Grayscale is digital asset management firm owned by DCG, parent company of CoinDesk.) The JPMorgan analysts wrote:
For bitcoiners, that reads like the lyrics for the "Song of Angels." It was another affirmation of the idea that the cryptocurrency can compete with gold and has plenty of upside to go. It was an echo of other fund managers saying similar things, like when Paul Tudor Jones II compared the two back in May or when BlackRock CIO Rick Rieder said last week that bitcoin “could take the place of gold to a large extent.”
Sure, bitcoin remains more correlated to gold than it does the S&P 500, which had a record day Tuesday. The 90-day correlation coefficient for bitcoin and the benchmark U.S. stock index is currently 0.26 while it’s 0.38 when compared to bullion. (A correlation coefficient of 1 means the prices of two assets move in perfect lockstep; a negative figure means they move in opposite directions while 0 means there is no relationship between them.)
"Alternative?" Not so fast
Recent market movements seem to be saying something quite different, and that appears to be related to the money flowing from gold into digital assets. Gold prices took a 5% hit on Nov. 9, the day of the announcement that preliminary data showed a 90% efficacy rate for Pfizer’s COVID-19 vaccine. Bitcoin immediately jumped 2% on the news. Each subsequent week has started with even more encouraging results from other vaccine trials, and the trends show falling gold and rising bitcoin.
If money is leaving gold and going into bitcoin, it may well be because with more optimism in the economy comes more willingness to get into “risk-on” trades like stocks and cryptocurrencies. That doesn’t make bitcoin a safe-haven play except as speculation it might be used as a safe haven sometime in the distant future – a nuanced difference but a difference nonetheless. That difference could be evident should another crisis befall us in the near term.
As it is still 2020, anything can happen.
- Lawrence Lewitinn
Bitcoin is trading near $19,220 after rising 4.2% on Tuesday to close above the $19,000 mark for the first time since Dec. 16, 2017. The cryptocurrency is now within sight of its all-time high of $19,783 reached three years ago.
"Bitcoin at $19,000 is just another stepping stone to a new all-time high, and big market coins are taking turns rallying. That's a sign that institutional money continues to pour into crypto markets," William Noble, chief technical analyst at Token Metrics, said in an email. "ETH 2.0 will reignite interest in the decentralized finance space, and we should see the small alternative cryptocurrencies taking off very soon."
In traditional markets, optimism over potential coronavirus vaccines continues to power gains in risk assets. European stocks are trading on a positive note, although with less enthusiasm, while the S&P 500 futures pointed to a flat open on Wall Street. Elsewhere, gold has bounced slightly from the four-month low of $1,800 reached Tuesday.
- Omkar Godbole
- Coinbase Will Suspend All Margin Trading Tomorrow, Citing CFTC Guidance (CoinDesk)
- Binance Ramps Up Crackdown on US Users, Giving Them 14 Days to Withdraw Funds (CoinDesk)
- Ethereum 2.0’s Genesis Day Is Officially Set for Dec. 1 (CoinDesk)
- South Korea May Delay Implementation of 20% Crypto Tax Till 2022 (CoinDesk)
- Digital Yen Would Make Crypto Markets ‘More Lively,’ Says CEO of Monex Group (CoinDesk)
The latest on the economy and traditional finance
- Behind Dow 30000: A Self-Perpetuating Upward Spiral (WSJ) Low interest rates and a buy-the-dip mantra have put stocks in an ascending pattern, defying the pandemic and economic woes.
- Dollar under pressure as risk appetite stages a comeback (Reuters) The dollar nursed losses on Wednesday as progress in developing a novel coronavirus vaccine and expectations for a fiscal boost from a new U.S. government triggered a shift of funds from the greenback to riskier assets.
- For Retail Stock Traders, This Is a Party They Can’t See Ending (Bloomberg) Basket of day trader favorites has soared 75% this year.
- Market’s record run is far from the finish line, Oppenheimer’s chief strategist predicts (CNBC) Oppenheimer Asset Management’s John Stoltzfus believes the Dow’s record high on Tuesday is justified despite the nation’s battle against surging coronavirus cases.
- Asian shares rise after Dow crests 30,000 on vaccine hopes (AP) Asian shares rose Wednesday after the Dow Jones Industrial Average closed above 30,000 points for the first time despite an ongoing pandemic, as progress in development of coronavirus vaccines kept investors in a buying mood
Tweet of the day
The leader in news and information on cryptocurrency, digital assets and the future of money, CoinDesk is a media outlet that strives for the highest journalistic standards and abides by a strict set of editorial policies. CoinDesk is an independent operating subsidiary of Digital Currency Group, which invests in cryptocurrencies and blockchain startups.