CORRECTION (May 13, 18:47 UTC): An earlier version of the headline overstated the share of suspicious activity reports that were crypto-related. As noted now, it was 0.59%; the 1.4% figure was a proportion of SARs filed just by money services businesses, one of several categories of reporting firms.
More than 70,000 crypto-related suspicious activity reports (SARs) have been filed since 2013, but the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) has issued a stark warning that some offshore companies may not be doing enough to stamp out illicit behavior.
Speaking at CoinDesk's Consensus: Distributed virtual conference on Wednesday, FinCEN Director Kenneth Blanco said that around half of these reports were submitted by crypto companies themselves, allowing FinCEN to build a better map of IP and wallet addresses that are linked to potential criminals. Still, the figure represents just 0.59% of the more than 12 million reports FinCEN received between 2014 and 2019 (2013 figures were not immediately available).
FinCEN collects and analyzes data from across the financial sector in order to enforce the U.S.' strict anti-money laundering (AML) regulations.
While better monitoring from traditional financial institutions, as well as FinCEN's improving expertise in covering the space itself, has made it easy to oversee the crypto space, Blanco said self-reporting from industry players themselves remains "paramount."
But there were some unresolved issues. Some offshore crypto companies operated as unregistered money services businesses (MSB) with no proper AML policy or commitment to reporting suspicious activity.
"We are increasingly concerned that businesses located outside the United States continue to try to do business with U.S. persons without complying with our rules," Blanco said. "If you want access to the U.S. financial system, and the U.S. market, you must abide by the rules. We are serious about enforcing our regulations."
FinCEN is also beginning to look closely at privacy coins and any company offering them. Blanco added officials would also begin to inspect the Anti-Money Laundering and Countering Financing of Terrorism Act (AML/CTF) controls in place to ensure exchanges are acting in full compliance.
"If you're going to avail yourself of the U.S. financial system from abroad, you should not consider it a viable competitive advantage to do so without engaging in the financial integrity practices that make this financial system so powerful," he warned.
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