A former high-ranking Congressional official said China's central bank is likely to be the first to issue its own national digital currency, as he contended that Libra was doomed to fail.
Speaking at the Shanghai Bund Summit, Huang Qifan, former deputy director of the Congressional Financial and Economic Affairs Committee, explained how the national digital currency could affect the global financial market, according to a Chinese media report.
In his speech, Huang affirmed the best way to fend off the stablecoins issued by private companies such as Facebook’s Libra is to let governments and central banks issue a country’s own digital currency.
“I personally don’t believe Libra will succeed," he said. "Some companies attempt to challenge sovereign currency by issuing bitcoin or Libra. The decentralized blockchain-based currencies are not supported by sovereign credit and hard to become real wealth.”
The long-time economics pundit made his comments after Chinese President Xi Jinping’s announcement that he would encourage the country’s blockchain agenda along with a new cryptography law that could pave the way for the launch of China's national digital currency.
The People’s Bank of China started to conduct research on cryptocurrency as early as 2014, and aims to develop its national digital currency Digital Currency Electronic Payment (DCEP) via the Digital Currency Research Institute established in June 2017.
While Chinese officials said DCEP is not a copy of Facebook’s Libra, the central bank compares its national stablecoin with Libra in multiple official documents.
The central bank appointed former deputy director of Payment Systems Changchun Mu as the head of the research institute in September to accelerate the development of DCEP. The move came three months after Facebook officially announced its Libra initiative
Huang said he also envisions the value of DCEP to be pegged to the country’s credit, gold reserve, fiscal income and gross domestic product.
China is now one of many major economies exploring a national cryptocurrency and supporting blockchain technologies, according to Huang.
“Twenty four countries are currently developing the distributed ledger technology through more than 90 multinational companies,” Huang said.
The EU, Japan and Russia are trying to build international cryptocurrency payment networks to replace the Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication (SWIFT), a global financial institution that facilitates cross-border transactions.
Libra image via Shutterstock
CoinDesk is an award-winning media outlet that covers the cryptocurrency industry. Its journalists abide by a strict set of editorial policies. In November 2023, CoinDesk was acquired by the Bullish group, owner of Bullish, a regulated, digital assets exchange. The Bullish group is majority-owned by Block.one; both companies have interests in a variety of blockchain and digital asset businesses and significant holdings of digital assets, including bitcoin. CoinDesk operates as an independent subsidiary with an editorial committee to protect journalistic independence. CoinDesk offers all employees above a certain salary threshold, including journalists, stock options in the Bullish group as part of their compensation.