UPDATE 8 October 20:22 UTC: After publication, this story was updated with additional comment from Good Money.
Can flat abs gurus and mommy bloggers sell the masses on crypto?
That seems to be the master plan behind a much-hyped stealth startup by Gunnar Lovelace, the former co-founder of Thrive Market, who plans to redeploy a network of "mega-bloggers" he built up promoting the health marketplace by turning its legion of fitness fans onto crypto.
But if Lovelace is open to touting a network of celebrities that includes movie stars, life coaches, cookbook authors and U2 frontman Bono in private, his company has been anything but public since its 2018 founding. Not only does its website contain virtually no information, but talk of the project has only so far seemed to circulate around secret parties strategically placed at major crypto events.
Yet, investor documents obtained by CoinDesk reveal what Good Money is really banking on, the idea millennials trust internet personalities more than media or financial institutions. Thus, the central idea is those personalities might be more than willing to monetize that trust.
A pitch deck for the company obtained by CoinDesk explains:
Rumored to be planning a major initial coin offering (ICO) since early 2018, Austin-based Good Money has raised $22 million on an offered $40 million in what appears to be a convertible note according to a September SEC filing.
As for the product, it's effectively a mobile crypto wallet that will double as bank, payment system and investment platform (among other things). It also promises to let users decide which socially good causes to devote company profits to.
Many of Good Money's promises will sound familiar to regular readers of initial coin offering (ICO) white papers – fast transactions! low fees! amazing user experience! – but one aspect of Good Money does stand out: its focus on marketing. In a document outlining Good Money's "Token Ecosystem," it describes a fundraising plan that ultimately aims to raise $80 million selling GDMY security tokens, or "Good Shares," tokenized equity in the company.
Lovelace, company's CEO, told CoinDesk it now says it does not have a stated goal for the fundraising.
The general public can look forward to a $15 million coin offering (though the token price is to be determined). The founders put in $10 million at a $40 million valuation, or $0.0024 per token. The next tranches were slightly higher, in investor documents, but the company now says all outside capital was raised at the founders' valuation.
That document breaks down a simple budget for the funds, and marketing is the largest clearly defined line item, with $15-30 million earmarked for marketing as opposed to $7-10 million for opening relationships with banks and $8-10 million devoted to technology.
But if talk of the company has largely circulated around parties, the documents suggest this isn't likely to stop. "Good Money Festivals" are one of the six legs of its larger marketing plan, and one of five co-founders is a long-time Burning Man staff member.
The key: influencers
Should Good Money continue to raise capital, it appears its plan is to rely heavily on an aggressive social media strategy.
The documents explain that influencers were key to Thrive Market's ability to attract millennial customers, arguing it was "mega-bloggers" who became investors in Thrive and promoted its products to their following.
Several internet personalities can be seen throughout Good Money's various investor documents: Zoe Saldana (Guardians of the Galaxy), Wellness Mama (blogger), Mike Geary (TruthAboutAbs.com), Nick Ortner (author) and Michelle Tam (paleo cookbook author).
None of the documents indicate that any of these influencers have committed to Good Money. (They are only listed as suggested supporters based on prior involvement with Lovelace in Thrive.)
A TechCrunch story on Thrive from 2016 lists several celebrity investors, including Saldana, Michaels, John Legend (musician), Jillian Michaels (The Biggest Loser), Deepak Chopra (author) and Tony Robbins (author).
Its funds for influencers and publishers won't stop with the money it raises in the token sale. Provided the GDMY token holds its value, one-third of the reserve released every year will be used to bring them on board and keep them. Thrive Market promised people and organizations with reach equity for each customer converted, and Good Money proposes to import that same model.
In a rare talk given at the World Blockchain Forum earlier this year, Lovelace explained:
But if the marketing strategy is big on strategy and short on details, so, too, are the technical promises.
Good Money plans to offer two tokens, both of which will be held by its user custodial wallet, which Lovelace called a "core beachhead" for the company. Though it's not clear yet which blockchain they will run on, its "litepaper" says it will scale by "either forking or running on top of platforms such as EOS, Hashgraph, NEO, Polkadot, etc."
It continues: "Good Money APIs will interact with an abstraction layer that allows us to toggle between the chosen underlying blockchain."
"We've done a lot of analysis. We see a lot of use cases for stablecoins," Lovelace told CoinDesk. "We're really studying, and we're not committed in our day one rollout."
Though an investor deck showed a projected release date of September 2019, for its stablecoin called GOODS. It said each GOODS token will be worth exactly $1, though various documents indicate there might be conflicting stablecoin strategies (one says it will be 100 percent collateralized and backed by US dollars, and another says it's weighing options for the optimal mixed collateralized and algorithmic approach).
A stablecoin is not "fully confirmed," according to a spokesperson, who wrote, "it will not be a utility or a consumer token."
Ultimately, investor documents said that 100 billion GDMY security tokens will be minted, split equally in two pools, one for investors and the team behind Good Money. For the founders, team and advisors, 30.31 percent of this pool has been set aside. The rest is for investors.
Good Money now says this information is outdated, adding: "All decisions regarding the number of authorized token, the number of issued token and the allocation among various constituents of the company will be determined by company leadership."
The second pool will be released continuously over a 16-year period in order to cover the costs of incentives, marketing and operations. Provided the token holds its value, the documents suggest this will be how it can promise no fee banking to consumers, because costs will be covered by the release of these tokens.
Due to regulatory uncertainty, there's no current estimate when GDMY tokens will begin trading, according to Lovelace, though investor documents seen by CoinDesk had stated that GDMY should begin trading on January 1.
Consumers will also earn GDMY tokens for being good customers, which will give them votes over which causes profits will support and an ownership stake in their mobile bank. These will presumably be funded by annual reserve emissions.
Additionally, documents promised customers that use GOODS commercially will be rewarded with 4 to 8 percent cash back in GDMY. This is no longer part of the plan, according to Lovelace.
Critically, all profits made by Good Money (through merchant fees, exchange fees, future financial products and etc) will be split half and half. The first half will go to socially good causes voted on by the community.
The second half will go to increase the value of GDMY tokens over time through a buyback and burn program governed by a smart contract. These sorts of programs have become a familiar way for token projects to reassure investors of the potential for long term growth.
Good Money preserves decentralization, preventing itself or any third party from accessing users' keys. Instead, Good Money plans to allow users to recover lost passwords by authorizing multiple friends to attest to their identity to the blockchain in the event of a lost private key.
No surprise, the company views this strategy as a potential way to grow adoption.
Elsewhere, Good Money could get support from an arguably experienced founding team.
Knowledgeable sources told CoinDesk that investors have been excited about the team behind Good Money because each member has a prior track record scaling businesses, either as founders or early employees.
One of the pitch decks obtained by CoinDesk lists several investors, including: BlockTower Capital, Multicoin Capital, Ken Howery (PayPal co-founder), Reeve Collins (Tether co-founder), Gil Penchina (Ridge Ventures) and Peter Diamandis (X Prize founder), among others.
Lovelace co-founded the aforementioned Thrive Markets, an e-commerce site for healthy foods and goods, and previously exited from Strategy Cognition and EGO-X Studios, according to AngelList.
Investor materials lists five other co-founders, including Nick Sullivan, whose bitcoin tipping company ChangeTip had its team acqui-hired by Airbnb in 2016. Sullivan was also employee number one at a company acquired by Salesforce for $840 million.
Andrew Masanto was an an early employee at Hedera Hashgraph, a distributed ledger technology company that announced a $100 million funding round in August. The Good Money team also includes Seth Taube, as an advisor, CEO of Medley Management, an alternative asset management firms that went public in 2014, currently with a $161 million market capitalization.
Lovelace said: "One of my superpowers as a leader and entrepreneur is to identify great people." Its a talent he thinks will be recognized by social influencers as well.
Image of Gunnar Lovelace from YouTube
Correction 8 October 20:22 UTC: A previous version of this story incorrectly identified the company CEO.
UPDATE 8 October 15:30 UTC: After publication, Multicoin Capital told CoinDesk that it declined investing in Good Money, though it did "seriously consider the deal," according to a spokesperson.
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