China Outlaws ICOs: Financial Regulators Order Halt on Token Trading

New statements from China's financial regulators call for a halt on all token trading and for the commencement of customer refunds.

AccessTimeIconSep 4, 2017 at 12:40 p.m. UTC
Updated Sep 13, 2021 at 6:53 a.m. UTC

China has officially outlawed ICOs.

In a joint statement issued by seven financial regulators today, the world's most populous nation outlined why it believes that nascent fundraising mechanism is illegal under domestic law. Authorities backing the statement include the People's Bank of China, the Central Network Office, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the State Administration for Industry and Commerce, the China Banking Regulatory Commission.

A translation of the statement reads:

"ICO financing refers to the activity of an entity raising virtual currencies, such as bitcoin or ethereum, through illegally selling and distributing tokens. In essence, it is a kind of non-approved illegal open fund raising behavior, suspected of illegal sale tokens, illegal securities issuance and illegal fund-raising, financial fraud, pyramid schemes and other criminal activities."

The second article further clarifies what this determination means, stating that "as of the date of this announcement, all types of currency issuance financing activities shall cease immediately."

Adding to that, it also demanded that "persons or organizations who have completed ICOs shall refund the investors, protect the investors' rights, and deal with the risks properly. It concluded with a warning that "people who refuse to cease ICO activities or refuse to refund investors will be investigated and severely punished according to the law."

The third article states that the regulation on trading platforms shall be tightened, "as of the date of this announcement, trading platforms shall not conduct any exchange business between fiat money and tokens, shall not provide information and price for token trading."

At this time, it is not clear how ethereum, the largest platform that has leveraged such a token sale, and the platform on which many are being launched, will be affected.

Other articles prohibit financial institutions such as banks from doing business with ICO funding, and warn about the public risks of trading ICO tokens.

Market reaction

At press time, the value of cryptocurrency assets issued by way of ICOs has seen a substantial impact on the news. Valued at a combined $10 billion earlier this week, according to CoinMarketCap, the market declined to below $7.5 billion today, a 25% decline.

Most impacted were the largest ICO tokens, with OmiseGo and Qtum declining from total market values of above $1 billion earlier this week to $781 million and $638 million today.

Translation by Tian Chuan for CoinDesk

PBoC image via Shutterstock


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