Ledger Publishes First Volume of Peer-Reviewed Blockchain Research

The inaugural issue of peer-reviewed cryptocurrency and blockchain research journal Ledger is now available.

AccessTimeIconDec 22, 2016 at 3:10 p.m. UTC
Updated Sep 11, 2021 at 12:49 p.m. UTC
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Ledger, volume one
Ledger, volume one

The inaugural issue of academic journal Ledger has been published.

The issue includes 10 peer-reviewed papers ranging from probabilistic analysis of the NXT "forging algorithm", questions of governance in blockchain and theories of social contracts. The publication was formally launched last year to encourage greater academic involvement in the cryptocurrency industry by giving scholars a platform to publish full-length original research in all areas related to cryptocurrency.

But it took longer than expected to formalize the review process, according to those involved. Now that the publication has released its first volume, the editorial staff expects to release full-publications twice a year and additionals articles throughout.

Christopher Wilmer, co-managing editor and the University of Pittsburgh's principal investigator, told CoinDesk:

"There is growing interest and activity from researchers at Princeton, Stanford, MIT, Duke, Cornell, and a long list of other universities in doing cryptocurrency research."

Wilmer said the two main inspirations for the journal were to get academics involved in the cryptocurrency industry and to create a venue free from "noise" for researchers (including those who wish to remain pseudonymous) to share their work.

Funded by the non-profit cryptocurrency policy group Coin Center, the journal is published by the University Library System.

The publication accepts submissions in four categories, including research articles that must be no longer than 4,000 words and reviews aggregating relevant research that can be no longer than 6,000 words.

Prior to the publication of an article, journal staff embed a hash of the final manuscript within the bitcoin blockchain, and encourages authors to sign this hash with their own public key.

Beyond academia

Those backing the effort say the journal isn't just aimed at a more diverse audience, but is dedicated in part to sourcing material from researchers outside of academia.

In addition to contributions from more traditional research facilities such as Dublin City University and the Institute of Mathematics at the University of Campesina in Brazil, articles from the Monera Research Lab and a paper about video game payment channels by a medical doctor were also included.

Ledger editor and Zcash advisor Andrew Miller said the process to apply is open to any member of the public with new research to commit, regardless of their particular field of study.

"Hopefully this helps start discussions in the community too. We're trying to bring the benefits of the peer review process to a broader audience and set of participants," he told CoinDesk.

Editorial oversight

In order to help ensure the white papers include actual academic research and don't merely serve to promote a company’s business model, the publication has gathered a group of industry insiders to serve as both board members and editors.

The international editorial board includes Professor Christopher Douglas of Oxford University, Professor Elaine Shi of Cornell University, Dr. Michael Kumhof of the Bank of England, and ethereum creator Vitalik Buterin, among others.

Co-managing editors are Wilmer and bitcoin researcher Peter Rizun. Editors include Miller and Dr Primavera De Filippi of the Harvard Law School.

Coin Center executive director Jerry Brito told CoinDesk:

"The most important thing to me is that Ledger is a multidisciplinary journal, which will bring together scholarly thinking from various fields — from cryptography to computer science to law."

Featured image via Shutterstock


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