Bitcoin prices fluctuated little in the week ending 13th May, staying largely between $450 and $460 amid lackluster trading volume.
While Craig Wright’s claims of being bitcoin’s founder likely helped generate visibility for the digital currency and was still the subject of some headlines this week, this event has begun to fade from the public eye.
In the aftermath of Wright's re-emergence after months of silence, market observers have once again turned their attention to the fundamental challenges facing bitcoin. Some observers say recent events in the bitcoin development community, particularly as it relates to network scaling, have had an impact on overall market activity.
Until developers create applications “which can successfully change Bitcoin’s fundamentals,” the digital currency’s price “will not fluctuate drastically,” Chen Xin, chief financial architect at OKCoin, told CoinDesk.
Others were more optimistic about the future development of bitcoin, including Daniel Masters, who runs the Global Advisors Bitcoin Investment Fund.
He told CoinDesk:
Masters noted that the July halving is approaching, but he also emphasized that at least for now, current conditions are “stable.”
By contrast, ether prices experienced notable volatility during the period, changing roughly 17% amid modest trading volume.
Relative price stability
This stability was reflected in bitcoin’s price movements in the seven days through 13th May at 12:00 UTC, as the digital currency edged 1.4% higher week-over-week, according to the CoinDesk USD Bitcoin Price Index (BPI).
Bitcoin did experience some notable price movements, reaching a weekly high of $464.21 between 15:00 UTC and 17:59 UTC on 9th May and a weekly low of $447.76 between 09:00 UTC and 11:59 UTC on 10th May.
After falling to that level, bitcoin remained largely between $450 and $455 for the remainder of the week. These mild price fluctuations took place as market participants traded 10.4m BTC during the seven days through 4:30 p.m. UTC on 13th May, Bitcoinity data reveals. While 48.35% of these trades, or 5.15m, went through Huobi, 45.10%, or 4.8m, were transacted through OKCoin.
The modest price movements bitcoin experienced recently contrast with the fluctuations of the last few weeks. Even though it has calmed down lately, some say the digital currency is still seeing notable volatility compared to other currencies.
"Bitcoin is still substantially more volatile than any OECD fiat currencies,” Tim Enneking, chairman of Crypto Currency Fund, told CoinDesk.
"It's a lot more stable compared to itself historically, but it is still far more volatile than fiat currencies,” Enneking continued. “Bitcoin will need to become even less volatile to receive the approval that most give to fiat currencies.”
Yet others view bitcoin's declining volatility as a sign of progress. Joe Lee, founder of bitcoin derivatives trading platform Magnr, weighed in on how this relative calm could point to the market’s changing perception of the digital currency.
“The lack of speculative trading around the Satoshi news indicates that more and more people are believing that bitcoin is worth holding as a long term store of value rather than an asset to make a quick buck off,” he told CoinDesk.
Calm before the storm
The current stability could simply be the calm before the storm, as market data provided by full-service bitcoin trading platform Whaleclub on 11th May showed a long-short ratio of 5.1:1, sharply lower than the previous week’s figure of 3.1:1.
“We’ve observed many traders closing out their longs on the bounce from $440 to $465,” Petar Zivkovski, director of operations, told CoinDesk. “Because of the large amounts of long positions that were stacked up in the price run up from the low $400's, we believe there are still many long positions open and in the red across exchanges."
While bitcoin markets have proved to be above prediction in the past, Zivkovski suggested that bigger moves might lie ahead.
"These could serve as good fuel for a long squeeze (further sell-offs) and could depress price to new swing lows," he said.
Charles L. Bovaird II is a financial writer and consultant with strong knowledge of securities markets and investing concepts.
The leader in news and information on cryptocurrency, digital assets and the future of money, CoinDesk is a media outlet that strives for the highest journalistic standards and abides by a strict set of editorial policies. CoinDesk is an independent operating subsidiary of Digital Currency Group, which invests in cryptocurrencies and blockchain startups.