If androids dream of electric sheep, then Plantoids dream of digital currency.
How does it work? Just as bees pollinate crops, members of the public 'feed' the plant by sending funds to its bitcoin wallet. As the balance grows, its leaves unfurl one by one.
Then, once it reaches its threshold – which varies from Plantoid to Plantoid – it will signal via "a display of colour and light" that it is ready to reproduce.
Okhaos' website explains:
Using smart contracts running on the Ethereum blockchain, it will commission a team of humans Okhaos has found – designers, artists, coders – to create its offspring.
The project originated in a brainstorming session on ways to represent the blockchain in an artistic manner, one of Okhaos' members, who wished to remain anonymous, told CoinDesk.
"It soon became clear to me that using the notion of a 'Plantoid' to instantiate a self-owned and self-sufficient art piece was the perfect way to illustrate the potential of this emergent technology," they added.
The first Plantoid, which has so far received 0.01050490 BTC ($3.38) in online tips, is tucked away in Paris while a better location to display it is found.
Ideally, Okhaos say, this should be a place that's publicly accessible so the Plantoid can perform its function of providing beauty and collecting money.
Artists earn a slice of each Plantoid's tips and a cut from all of its future offspring (and their offspring, and so on) as a thank you for creating an attractive – and thus successful – specimen.
While certain characteristics of the Plantoid are effectively 'hard coded' into each specimen's DNA, for example the logic that dictates its growth and reproduction, others are open for artistic interpretation.
"The rules underlying the reproduction [are] coordinated through the blockchain. In this way, individuals and groups are free to come and go according to the (autopoietic) laws of the work," the group states. For example, active members of the plant's DAO – its distributed governing team – can decide where it is exhibited or what it should look like.
While the first Plantoid was assembled from materials found in an abandoned train yard, new Plantoids will see greater variation both in their appearance and in their code, or 'soul'. And while the appearance of the robot species may change over time, its relationship with human pollinators and craftsmen may do too:
Further down the line, if smart contracts governing it are sophisticated enough, a Plantoid may even be able make decisions like which artists to hire of its own accord.
Smart contract technology, a concept birthed by cryptographer Nick Szabo, has opened up the possibility of companies that can run without human control.
On the Ethereum blockchain for example, a cluster of these self-executing contracts can create a rudimentary business (aka a DAO) that functions using the logic 'if X, then Y'.
Today, something that would have taken a group of people both time and legal costs to achieve can be executed with just a few lines of code. Here, the code itself forms an "incorruptible" rulebook, a new kind of law enshrined in cryptography.
If this concept is taken to its extreme, DAOs will not just represent a group seeking to outsource labour into "computationally intractable tasks" but will be made for robots, by robots.
There are still legal hurdles to overcome however. One day robots may be granted 'legal personhood' and the ability to own things like money and property, but for now that's still a distant dream.
But for Okhaos, this 'algorythmic personhood' doesn't need a stamp of approval from lawmakers. It's already here, they say:
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