Brazilian Senate Report: Bitcoin Isn't Ready for Regulation
A new study for the Federal Senate of Brazil seeks to examine how the spread of bitcoin and other digital currencies could impact its economy.
A new study commissioned for the Federal Senate of Brazil has sought to examine how the spread of bitcoin and other digital currencies could impact Brazil's economy, and whether formal regulation is necessary for the domestic industry.
Authored by Cesar Rodrigues van der Laan, a consultant to Banco Central do Brasil, the 18-page document concludes that Brazil should not immediately regulate bitcoin, arguing that there is not enough activity in local markets to warrant such rulemaking.
The paper goes on to highlight the varied response regulators have taken to bitcoin around the world, citing the stance taken by Russia, which has taken active steps to ban bitcoin, and the US, where state regulators are seeking to establish a framework for the industry.
Notably, the paper advocates that Brazil follow a similar path to the US, if and when it decides to introduce regulation for the industry:
Local entrepreneurs expressed optimism that the document, while not bullish on bitcoin's ability to compete against Brazil's national currency, would help further discussion regarding the potential benefits the technology offers in one of Latin America's largest economies.
"The Senate report encourages me to think regulators here are willing to understand these new technologies, they see it is relevant from a technological point of view and maybe it will be relevant from a financial point of view," Rafael Olaio, co-founder of local Ripple gateway Rippex, told CoinDesk.
The statement marks the third time a major authority in Brazil has issued a statement on bitcoin this year, following Banco Central do Brasil's warning in February and an April decision by the Receita Federal, the country's tax authority, that it would treat digital currencies as financial assets.
Bitcoin-based economy unlikely
Though touching on potential regulatory approaches, Van der Laan spends much of the paper theorizing about how a larger bitcoin ecosystem could affect the Brazilian economy.
The report opens with the context that global media outlets are increasingly interested in bitcoin as an alternative monetary system. However, it finds that bitcoin's furture for this purpose is unlikely given that it could lead to increased money laundering, it has a relatively new market and the fact that a significant number of local settlements are made in cash.
"Given their limited current range, especially in Brazil, we do not see systemic risk to the operation of the domestic economy," the report reads.
The paper goes on to state the while created to circumvent the financial system, it would be beneficial for the technology's users and investors to focus instead on its potential to reduce the cost of payments and online commerce.
Financial crisis concerns
Overall, the paper suggests that bitcoin may hold the most long-term promise as a cross-border payment system, though one that would require a regulatory framework at a later date.
In particular, the paper argues that a large movement to an unregulated market could have potentially negative influence on the market, one that should not be permitted due to the recent 2008-2009 financial crisis.
The report states:
However, the report concludes that whether bitcoin and similar technologies can provide any innovations in payments "remains to be seen".
"It will be adoption that will determine the real competitive potential of these new financial services," the report adds.
Start of dialogue
Local reactions to the report ranged from dismissive of its lack of impact on business to positive.
Andre Horta, CEO at bitcoin exchange startup BitcoinToYou.com, was enthusiastic about the report release, though he questioned whether a regulatory framework would not benefit local entrepreneurs like himself.
"Regulation can be good, because more people and companies would have greater security to use bitcoin to send money to another country without violating the current law. More than this, venture capitals firms and investor are waiting for official regulation of bitcoin to invest capital in bitcoin startups in Brazil," he argued.
's Olaio chose to focus on the more macro findings of the report, agreeing in particular that bitcoin will have a hard time competing with Brazil's native currency, the real.
"Volatility is the biggest hurdle for bitcoin's adoption as a currency. Today, its compared to gold, but the regular citizen never uses gold as an everyday currency," he said.
Horta, however, believes that the paper might have the most value as a way for the local ecosystem to start a dialogue with regulators, concluding:
Senado Federal image via Wikipedia
The leader in news and information on cryptocurrency, digital assets and the future of money, CoinDesk is a media outlet that strives for the highest journalistic standards and abides by a strict set of editorial policies. CoinDesk is an independent operating subsidiary of Digital Currency Group, which invests in cryptocurrencies and blockchain startups. As part of their compensation, certain CoinDesk employees, including editorial employees, may receive exposure to DCG equity in the form of stock appreciation rights, which vest over a multi-year period. CoinDesk journalists are not allowed to purchase stock outright in DCG.
Learn more about Consensus 2024, CoinDesk’s longest-running and most influential event that brings together all sides of crypto, blockchain and Web3. Head to consensus.coindesk.com to register and buy your pass now.