Reserve Bank of India Pressed for Clarification on Virtual Currency

An Indian bitcoin enthusiast has pressed the RBI for clarification after it issued a virtual currency warning in December.

AccessTimeIconFeb 10, 2014 at 9:55 a.m. UTC
Updated Sep 11, 2021 at 10:20 a.m. UTC

Indian bitcoin enthusiast Venugopal Badaravada has pressed the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) for clarification after the regulatory body issued a virtual currency warning on 24th December 2013.

Cyber law consultant, Na ‘Naavi’ Vijayashankar, who is based in Bangalore, made the representation to the RBI on behalf of Badaravada.

“What we have [said to] the RBI is that they cannot leave the question of acceptance of bitcoin hanging. Whether the RBI agrees to accept it, or they are opposed to the concept of bitcoins, is something they need to clarify,” Vijayashankar said.

The December advisory cautioned citizens on the volatility of all virtual currencies and alluded to the legitimacy of bitcoin. The final paragraph of the notice read:

“The Reserve Bank has also stated that it is presently examining the issues associated with the usage, holding and trading of virtual currencies under the extant legal and regulatory framework of the country, including Foreign Exchange and Payment Systems laws and regulations.”

Vijayashankar filed the representation on 7th January to seek clarification on the legal status of bitcoin in the country. He has not heard back within the statutory 30-day period, he said.

“They won’t come up with a clarification unless they are forced to. I was not actually expecting them to give response,” admitted Vijayashankar on 7th February, the deadline for the RBI reply.

The next step is to appeal to a higher level of judiciary in the effort to press the RBI for a clear-cut stand on virtual currency, he said. The courts are likely to give some more time to the RBI to formulate a response.

Vijayashankar expects this process to drag on for several months. In the meantime, the uncertainty around bitcoin is adversely affecting the popularity of the digital currency in India.

“Remaining silent, they are not allowing the industry to invest and go ahead with the business, or seek any further clarifications from a higher court,” said Vijayashankar.

Putting the brakes on

Following the notice in December, not only were bitcoin exchanges shut down – some only temporarily – but new users grew wary of using bitcoin.

George Jacob is a consultant for weRwired, a geospatial, security and entertainment consulting company based in Bangalore. He is one of four merchants in the area that are ready and willing to accept bitcoin.

Jacob almost received his first cryptocurrency payment from a client last month, but they decided to pay him in fiat currency instead, after the RBI’s off-putting announcement. Jacob said:

“The last job we did was for a very tech-savvy person. We did a massive security set up for him. He was quite keen on doing a bitcoin payment. After this whole RBI thing that happened in December, he got a bit concerned. He decided to pay us the regular bank transfer way, but otherwise that would have been our first bitcoin payment.”

Potential for regulation

Whether RBI has the authority to regulate bitcoin is also being actively discussed. Lawyer Vipul Kharbanda wrote a paper claiming it would be tricky for the Indian government to ban bitcoin.

He makes the case that, because bitcoin does not fit the “vanilla” definitions of currency or securities in India, the RBI or the Securities and Exchange Board of India cannot regulate it.

“However, there is a potential of it being regulated by the RBI or the Securities and Exchange Board because they do have the power to notify it as a security or a currency,” said Kharbanda.

While many members of the Indian bitcoin community are waiting for RBI’s next move, bitcoin entrepreneur and organiser of the Bangalore Bitcoin Creativity Crew, Benson Samuel, says that these efforts may be misplaced.

“I can’t really see what an answer would be because we all know this is a technology that can’t really be controlled, monitored or regulated,” said Samuel. He added:

“They are better off looking at other aspects of it like its end usage. Don’t make too much of a fanfare about it. Treat it like cash.”

Vijayashankar said he is likely to take the claim for clarification to the higher courts early next week (commencing 10th February).

Currency image via Shutterstock


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