Last year, bitcoin was nothing more than funny-money criminals used to buy drugs and weapons. Well, that was the story that dominated mainstream coverage of the digital currency.
But to make this transition, bitcoin is having to change. No longer the preserve of radical libertarians, bitcoin is beginning to be dominated by a different kind of animal: the suited businessman.
And with Wall Street-types not far behind, the anti-government ideals held by certain parts of the bitcoin community are being rejected and disowned. Bitcoin is beginning to hit the mainstream, but it’s tidying itself up first.
Why banks fear bitcoin
Jeremy Allaire, who founded the bitcoin payments company Circle, which raised $9m in venture capital funding and is due to launch later this year, is one of the people arguing that bitcoiners should work with governments to establish regulations for bitcoin.
“If your goals are to create a sort of shadow financial system that runs in offshore jurisdictions and is attractive for anarchists and criminals, then maybe [regulation] is not important,” he told CoinDesk on a recent visit to London.
But if your goal is to ensure widespread adoption of bitcoin, there needs to be rules around its use, he says, arguing that it’s not good enough to imagine bitcoin can exist above society:
Allaire is blunt about the transition bitcoin is going through, saying it’s “absolutely” moving away from its libertarian roots.
He defends governments for issuing warnings about the risks of using bitcoin – “I think these are people who are doing their jobs and calling a spade a spade” – and has little time for people who harbour conspiracy theories about why banks have been unwilling to engage with bitcoin businesses.
It’s not because they’re worried about losing the fees they charge on transactions, he says: “They’re not even thinking that far out. It’s more because they don’t want to go to jail.”
The suits are coming
in the bitcoin space will give banks the confidence to start working with bitcoin businesses, says Allaire. But that’s not the only important change that needs to occur so that bitcoin can enter the mainstream: bitcoin needs Wall Street.
The birth of bitcoin has been tied by some to the economic crash that began in 2007. With the reputation of the financial sector ruined, a new currency that bypassed the banks always had a good chance of being a winner.
The idea that Wall Street may have a role to play in bitcoin’s development is “heresy” to certain members of the community, admits Allaire. However, if bitcoin trading is to develop, it needs Wall Street’s input.
“What I’ve found is that there are so many really talented and smart people in that industry that want to get into this industry. They see what its potential is,” he says.
Allaire’s vision is that bitcoin will be as easy to use, and as widespread, as the financial services we take for granted today, as physical cash even. That’s not to say he sees bitcoin as merely a like-for-like replacement for our current financial systems.
He talks about “unifying the world more deeply on a common internet-based monetary system” and says that privacy is a “critical ideal that needs to be held up.” However, in its current form, the currency doesn’t appeal to enough people.
“The users of bitcoin, I hate to say it, they’re men aged 25-40. Typically, they’re hi-tech focused people; that’s not the whole world,” he says.
De-risking bitcoin won’t just involve government rules – there are technical and business innovations that will make bitcoin more palatable to ordinary people, Allaire says.
His outspoken belief that bitcoiners should embrace rather than resist the involvement of governments runs counter to the ideology held by many of the people that first flocked to bitcoin, and he admits as much.
But he’s relaxed about moving bitcoin in a direction that some may consider antithetical to its origins:
“A lot of significant technical inventions, including a lot of inventions on the internet, were created with different goals or different expectations around their use, and those really evolved in unpredictable ways.”
Bitcoin is no different. It’s changing, evolving in a way that could allow it to dominate the financial arena. But it won’t destroy the system, it will simply become another part of it.
The leader in news and information on cryptocurrency, digital assets and the future of money, CoinDesk is an award-winning media outlet that strives for the highest journalistic standards and abides by a strict set of editorial policies. In November 2023, CoinDesk was acquired by Bullish group, owner of Bullish, a regulated, institutional digital assets exchange. Bullish group is majority owned by Block.one; both groups have interests in a variety of blockchain and digital asset businesses and significant holdings of digital assets, including bitcoin. CoinDesk operates as an independent subsidiary, and an editorial committee, chaired by a former editor-in-chief of The Wall Street Journal, is being formed to support journalistic integrity.