Bitcoin Holds Just Below $31K After U.S. Inflation Improves More Than Forecast

Economists had forecast sizable year-over-year declines in both headline and core inflation for this report.

AccessTimeIconJul 12, 2023 at 12:34 p.m. UTC
Updated Jul 12, 2023 at 3:27 p.m. UTC

The U.S. inflation rate as measured by the Consumer Price Index (CPI) slipped to 3.0% on a year-over-year basis in June from 4.0% in May, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). Expectations were for a decline to 3.1%. The price of bitcoin (BTC) – which has been in a holding pattern between $30,000 and $31,000 for much of the past few days – rose modestly to $30,900 in the immediate aftermath of the report, but subsequently gave back that gain, returning to just under $30,800.

The core CPI, which strips out volatile food and energy costs, fell to 4.8% from 5.3% previously and against forecasts for 5.0%; the monthly core CPI was 0.2% in June versus 0.4% in May and forecasts for 0.3%.

Today's report shows headline inflation continuing to decline, with June's 3% down from a peak of 9.1% in 2022. Maybe more importantly to the policymakers at the Federal Reserve, the core rate of inflation finally began to budge – to 4.8% from 5.3% – after stubbornly remaining above 5% this year. That 4.8% year-over-year level was the slowest pace since October 2021.

Nevertheless, markets and the Fed (if recent speakers are to be believed) continue to anticipate another rate hike when the central bank's rate-setting Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) meets later this month. The CME's FedWatch tool shows a 91.1% chance of the FOMC boosting rates at its July 25-26 meeting.

Though bitcoin is barely budging on the good inflation news, traditional markets are on the move, with the U.S. 10-year Treasury yield down 6 basis points to 3.91% and the 2-year yield off 14 basis points to 4.73%. The dollar index has slipped 0.5% and stock index futures are pointing to a nearly 1% gain at the open.


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Stephen  Alpher

Stephen Alpher is CoinDesk's managing editor for Markets. He holds BTC above CoinDesk’s disclosure threshold of $1,000.