How Crypto Can Do Good for the World

"Coordination failures" stymie our ability to solve big global problems. But Web 3's economic designs can empower the next generation to do better. This post, by Kevin Owocki, is part of the "Road to Consensus" series.

AccessTimeIconJun 6, 2022 at 9:18 p.m. UTC
Updated Sep 29, 2023 at 11:58 a.m. UTC
AccessTimeIconJun 6, 2022 at 9:18 p.m. UTCUpdated Sep 29, 2023 at 11:58 a.m. UTC
AccessTimeIconJun 6, 2022 at 9:18 p.m. UTCUpdated Sep 29, 2023 at 11:58 a.m. UTC

Human society in the 21st century is faced with numerous global-scale challenges and systemic risks. These challenges include climate change, misinformation, an insecure digital infrastructure and a lack of economic prosperity. And while solutions for some of these problems are available, they go unsolved because not enough people, groups or nation states have come together to address them in a coordinated way.

Kevin Owocki is the founder of, an Ethereum-based network for growing open source software . This article is a preview of the talk she will give on the Big Ideas stage at Consensus 2022 in Austin, Texas, this week. Register for Consensus 2022 here.

Our legacy institutions are not equipped to handle these issues, largely because individuals are focused on their own interests, and nations are focused on their own citizens, leading them down paths that help them but harm the overall system. These sorts of problems are known as “coordination failures.”

But we aren’t trapped forever in this death spiral. With the dawn of Web 3, there is an opportunity to build a better world for our generation and beyond. We can leverage the properties of Web 3 to design crypto-economic systems that are regenerative: systems that are resilient and sustainable, and align conflicting priorities toward the greater good.

Know thy enemy

The Chinese general Sun Tzu wrote that if you “know thy enemy and know thyself, you need not fear the result of a hundred battles.”

Humanity doesn’t face persistent global-scale problems because we lack solutions, data or ideas. Instead, systemic risks continue because humanity has failed to address them in a coordinated way. Groups often act at cross purposes, or even make enemies out of each other, when the true enemy is conflict itself.

But conflict won’t fix climate change. To fight coordination failure on the environment and other issues, we need a coordination mechanism that is truly global in nature. Luckily, we may have found one: Decentralized blockchain networks allow us to create new incentives and mechanism designs that are borderless and direct.

One way to reinforce coordination is to realign the economic incentives that support a system. By doing so, we create a systematic economic incentive for work to support that system. Five years ago, I saw an opportunity to create better incentives to help fix a specific realm suffering from coordination failure: open-source software.

Much of the open-source software that underpins our digital infrastructure was designed by, and is maintained by, software engineers who are paid little or nothing for their work. This asymmetry between value creation and value capture is why I founded Gitcoin in 2017. We wanted to provide a system to enable those building open-source software to raise money to fund their efforts. We help individuals and communities start, fund and scale open-source projects. Today, Gitcoin is a community of 312,000 developers, and we have directed $62.1 million in funding to open-source projects.

Hence, regenerative crypto economics

We believe Gitcoin can be a model for similar funding programs and eventually for what we call "regenerative crypto economics." Regenerative crypto-economic systems satisfy human needs, are net positive and improve the balance between needs and investment. For instance, Gitcoin helps create FOSS (free and open-source software) resources that generate productivity and wealth – with some of those unleashed resources going back into further Gitcoin funding. Some of this has to do with mechanism design and economic incentives, but nearly as important is these systems’ potential to act as a rallying point for fundraising and organizing.

DAOs for maximum positive impact

ImpactDAOs, defined as any DAO (a decentralized autonomous organization) that creates net positive benefits for the ecosystems around it, are the scalable, atomic building blocks of the regenerative crypto-cconomic movement.

Here are some examples of ImpactDAOs and the scale of positive externalities they create:

Regenerative crypto economics is being implemented today by numerous ImpactDAOs, and I dive deep into their work and impact in my new book on ImpactDAOs with co-author Ale Borda.

With ImpactDAOs and the properties of Web 3, we can design a regenerative internet of value to enable the thriving of a diverse global citizenry and to solve the numerous coordination failures that threaten humanity and earth. We can increase and ensure funding for the creation and maintenance of digital public goods like FOSS. We can program our values into our money and make public goods financially sustainable.

We can even eclipse the more prolific and more degenerative use cases of blockchain networks and ignite a positive feedback loop for their regenerative use cases. Most crucially, we can ensure that the future of the internet and the metaverse is not owned by any billionaire or tech giant.

Of course, this a double-edged sword, as value systems can vary wildly, and this tool will empower anyone who decides to use it. But by coordinating the incentives of many participants, and providing a channel for larger alliances of strength and intelligence, system designers can create economies that drive real good for the world.

Crypto for good

With cryptocurrency very much in the headlines these days, some question whether it’s actually good for the world. While the headlines love big winners, crypto’s main benefit over time won’t be to billionaire investors. Its real promise is in creating new structures that drive new behaviors.

Regenerative crypto economics is already helping us build a sustainable funding system for digital-native public goods. In the coming decades, we expect to see economies, democracies and civic groups all over the world upgraded with similar coordination mechanisms, enabling more human thriving.

It is up to us, the members of the Web 3 citizenry, to coordinate in creating a more regenerative world. If you’re interested in learning about the movement, and how your skills and abilities can help, please get a copy of the Greenpill book at Use coupon code CONSENSUS_2022 to get 50% off. You can also listen to the conversations happening on the GreenPill podcast via Apple, Spotify or wherever you podcast.

We must reach beyond our inherited political and economic systems if we hope to benefit humanity at large. Regenerative crypto economics is happening. It’s here, it’s important, but it is also inchoate. To grow, it needs you.

Also in the 'Big Ideas' series

In an era of misinformation, blockchain technology can renew our faith in evidential truth, not least during the current conflict in Ukraine, says Jonathan Dotan, the founding director of The Starling Lab.

Rhys Lindmark, a "Big Ideas" speaker at CoinDesk's Consensus festival, on how the crypto generation could rewrite the rules of charitable giving.

More local money could lessen the incentive to “exit” the communities who need the resources, says Matt Prewitt, president of the RadicalxChange Foundation.

Quantified forecasting is an invaluable and yet underused tool, and prediction markets appear a vital tool for its adoption.

Learn more about Consensus 2024, CoinDesk’s longest-running and most influential event that brings together all sides of crypto, blockchain and Web3. Head to to register and buy your pass now.


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Kevin Owocki

internet citizen, DAO cartographer, EVM whisperer & aspiring chaos magician at @gitcoin