The rise in popularity of the initial coin offering (ICO) funding mechanism, and potential for associated fraud, could lead regulators to come down hard on cryptocurrencies broadly.
That's according to a former regulator, one who, as the first-ever superintendent of the New York State Department of Financial Services, the state agency that regulates financial services and products, was among the first globally to attempt to regulate bitcoin.
"A big open question is, if ICOs get very out of control," it could result in "a backlash against the entire bitcoin and crypto ecosystem," Benjamin Lawsky said Monday at Money2020 in Las Vegas.
Lawsky, who now runs a consulting firm and is a visiting scholar at Stanford University's Cyber Initiative, told the audience:
"Regulators have never seen a new financial product explode with the speed and velocity at which ICOs have exploded."
The head of the NYDFS from 2011 and 2015, it's on Lawsky's watch that the agency created and enacted what has come to be called the "BitLicense" regulations, a series of alterations to state money transmission laws specifically tailored to digital currencies.
Since he left office, however, the field has expanded well beyond bitcoin, to include not only a wider variety of cryptocurrencies and private blockchains for enterprises but also ICOs – a term that denotes the process by which a company or software development team seek to use a custom cryptocurrency to raise funds from the public.
According to CoinDesk's ICO tracker, token sales have raised a cumulative $2.67 billion, most of it in the last 18 months.
Against this backdrop, the concern expressed onstage by Lawsky was not unique to his panel.
At the conference, several attendees throughout the day remarked that the ICO market's excesses could bring a regulatory hammer down on the entire industry. Still, most appeared to think this would be a natural reaction to market development.
For his part, Lawsky added that he was not casting judgment on the funding method, but "merely pointing out the reality" of how regulators operate when faced with practices that could put consumers at risk.
Elsewhere in remarks, Lawsky also sought to exonerate the BitLicense from criticism it has been too restrictive on businesses. (To date, less than five startups have successfully applied for and received a license under the rules.)
To drive home the point home, Lawsky emphasized that when word got out that his agency was investigating bitcoin, a banking lawyer phoned Lawsky to applaud the effort – and encouraged him to "shut it down."
But Lawsky said he didn't want to do that, and that he just sought to ensure there were appropriate "guardrails" to prevent money laundering and protect consumers.
Still, the anecdote perhaps seeks to underscore the pressure other regulators may now be under in regards to ICOs, and why he believes the U.S. market could end up producing rules that, while contentious, are less restrictive than those seen internationally.
He told the audience:
"The Bitlicense [is] looking more reasonable in the context of China."
Image via CoinDesk