Lawmakers Could Still Nix Digital Euro, ECB’s Panetta Says

The central bank wants the CBDC to be universally accepted and potentially usable by those without bank accounts.

AccessTimeIconApr 24, 2023 at 4:01 p.m. UTC
Updated Apr 24, 2023 at 4:08 p.m. UTC

Members of the European Parliament can still stop the European Central Bank from issuing a digital euro, ECB board member Fabio Panetta said on Monday, as lawmakers express increasing doubts about the value of a central bank digital currency (CBDC).

Though the ECB has previously said it will decide whether to proceed with the digital euro later this year, its Executive Board member appeared to concede that political opposition could still prove a decisive obstacle, in remarks to the parliament's Economic and Monetary Affairs Committee.

“There should be a political decision to issue [a digital euro], and then the central bank should be ready to respond,” Panetta said.

“If that call [not to go ahead] is done at the political level” – via the European Parliament, and the European Union’s Council, which represents its member states – “I cannot see any chance of the ECB deciding autonomously or independently to progress,” he added.

Panetta urged lawmakers to pass new laws making the digital euro legal tender – implying that merchants who accept digital payments would also have to take the CBDC, an issue the ECB has already broached with finance ministers.

“We want to be sure that in any situation, in any circumstance, we will have a framework that would allow all European citizens to pay everywhere in a safe and efficient manner at cheap costs,” Panetta told the committee. He cited ECB research that suggests citizens see the ability to pay anywhere as the “most important feature” of a CBDC.

The ECB is also considering how to grant access to around 5% of the population who don’t have or want a bank account, including conducting identity checks via Post Offices, online or through other intermediaries, Panetta said.

During the debate, Jonás Fernández joined the chorus of lawmakers querying the point of the initiative.

“Some people are calling into question of whether it is necessary to have a digital euro when it's so difficult to distinguish it from any other payment method,” said Fernández, ranking member on the committee for his center-left Socialists and Democrats party. “What do you think are the advantages that would make us want to continue working on this project?”

But Panetta seems undeterred, telling a Brussels audience earlier Monday that he didn’t view remarks from lawmakers as skepticism, but as welcome scrutiny of his ideas.

“I think they are rightly interested in understanding the details … if we make mistakes there could be big damage,” he said. “We will not make mistakes, but I think it is good that others want to check this.”

Edited by Nikhilesh De.


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Jack Schickler

Jack Schickler was a CoinDesk reporter focused on crypto regulations, based in Brussels, Belgium. He doesn’t own any crypto.