Good morning, and welcome to First Mover. I’m Lyllah Ledesma, here to take you through the latest in crypto markets, news and insights.
- Price Point: Bitcoin has managed to hold $22,000 as the European Central Bank has flagged it would raise rates by 25 basis points on Thursday. ETH continues to rally, up 5% on the day.
- Market Moves: Omkar Godbole looks at staked eth's expansion to layer 2 and how it could mean lower fees and more yield-generating opportunities for investors staking ether.
This web version of today's First Mover newsletter was produced by Sage D. Young.
BTC is up 15% over the last seven days, and Monday was the cryptocurrency’s best day in over a month.
Ether (ETH), the second-largest cryptocurrency by market capitalization, was trading at around $1,550 at the time of writing, a 5% increase on the day. The token of Ethereum Classic, the legacy chain that split from the Ethereum blockchain following a hard fork, is up 10% on the day, trading at about $25.
That comes as the Merge is a topic of conversation among traders and as the Ethereum Community Conference (EthCC) kicked off Tuesday morning in Paris. There will be more than 250 speakers at the event with a speech from Ethereum co-founder Vitalik Buterin on Thursday.
Ether's options market flipped bullish on Monday, showing a bias for strength in Ethereum's native token for the first time in over six months.
Other altcoins continued to rise on Tuesday, with NEAR up 12%, SOL by 9.5% and UNI by 5.7%.
In other news, crypto broker Genesis Global Trading has filed a $1.2 billion claim against the now insolvent crypto hedge fund Three Arrows Capital, according to a 1,157-page court filing uploaded by bankruptcy trustee Teneo.
Meanwhile, crypto lender Celsius Network laid out its mining-focused reorganization plan at its first bankruptcy hearing Monday.
By Omkar Godbole
Liquid staking, which allows users to stake cryptocurrencies while retaining a tradeable variant of the locked coins, will soon become accessible to investors wary of Ethereum's high transaction costs.
On Monday, Ethereum-based liquid staking giant Lido Finance announced plans to offer staked ether (stETH) – a derivative representing an equivalent amount of ether deposited into the protocol – on layer 2 products, which process transactions relatively faster and at cheaper costs than the Ethereum mainnet.
"For Ethereum stakers, this means staking with lower fees and access to a new suite of DeFi (decentralized finance) applications to amplify yields," Lido said in an explainer blog published Monday. Lido's stETH is heavily integrated into DeFi. Ethereum's high transaction costs have kept retail investors from accessing DeFi, and so the launch of liquid staking tools on the relatively cheaper layer 2s could boost mainstream adoption of DeFi.
Layer 2 protocols run a separate blockchain on top of the main network, providing a secondary framework where transactions can take place. Once the transactions are processed, the data is sent back to the layer 1 network where it is stored in the blockchain ledger. That way, layer 2s help alleviate network congestion on the main network.
Polygon, Optimism, Arbitrum, and Loopring are some of the well-known Ethereum layer 2 tools that facilitate higher transaction throughput (expressed as a number of transactions per second) at lower prices to broaden participation, all the while retaining the security of the layer 1 blockchain.
At press time, Lido controlled 90% of the $6.9 billion ether liquid staking market, according to Dune Analytics.
Lido users can stake their ether in return for stETH, which can be used on decentralized lending and borrowing platforms to generate an additional yield. Lido users can also avoid the burden of owning a minimum of 32 ETH to participate in staking – a process of holding coins in a cryptocurrency wallet to support the network's operations in return for newly minted coins. Lido users can redeem stETH for ETH only after the completion of Ethereum's transition from the proof-of-work to the proof-of-stake consensus mechanism.
Lido is confident that a large portion of economic activity will migrate to layer 2 networks in the future. The company plans to support wstETH bridging and staking in the early days of L2 expansion, eventually allowing "staking of ETH held by users on L2 networks directly from that L2 without the need to bridge their assets back to Ethereum Mainnet."
stETH is supposed to trade close to the spot price of ether. However, the staked derivative slipped to a discount of 0.93 to ETH following the collapse of Terra's algorithmic stablecoin UST in May.
The situation has improved somewhat, with the Ethereum developers recently announcing Sept. 19 as the tentative timeline for the long-awaited transition to a proof-of-stake mechanism. The stETH discount to ether has narrowed to 0.98 since the announcement on Thursday. While ether has rallied by more than 30%, Lido's governance token, LDO, has surged by 58%, according to data provided by CoinDesk.
Read the full story here: Lido Finance Will Soon Offer Staked Ether on Layer 2 Networks, Proposes to Sell LDO For DAI.
- Silvergate's Q2 Net Income Jumps Over 84% to $38.6M, Shares Spike: Shares of Silvergate Capital are up by 7.6% in premarket trading following the results.
- Cryptocurrency Exchange Crypto.com Expands to Italy: The company has completed its registration with the Organismo Agenti e Mediatori.
- Indian Exchanges Hold Meeting to Discuss Way Forward After Crypto Advocacy Body is Dissolved, Sources: The meeting is underway, and at least 10 major exchanges are involved in the deliberations.
- Three Arrows Owes Polkadot Developer Moonbeam Foundation Over $27M, Court Documents Show: The fund was also engaged as a “consultant" for Moonbeam-based glimmer and Moonriver-based river tokens, court documents show.
- Dubai Unveils Metaverse Strategy, Aims to Attract Over 1,000 Firms: The strategy is expected to support the creation of more than 40,000 virtual jobs by 2030.
- Crypto Trading Firm TPS Capital Denied Ties to Insolvent Three Arrows. Court Documents Indicate a Connection: TPS Capital claims that it's independent of Three Arrows, but legal disclosures as part of bankruptcy proceedings show a web of transactions and familiar faces between the two firms.
- Fund Manager Fintonia Group Receives Provisional Virtual Assets License in Dubai: Fintonia Group has followed in the footsteps of several leading crypto companies in securing a license to operate in Dubai.
The leader in news and information on cryptocurrency, digital assets and the future of money, CoinDesk is a media outlet that strives for the highest journalistic standards and abides by a strict set of editorial policies. CoinDesk is an independent operating subsidiary of Digital Currency Group, which invests in cryptocurrencies and blockchain startups. As part of their compensation, certain CoinDesk employees, including editorial employees, may receive exposure to DCG equity in the form of stock appreciation rights, which vest over a multi-year period. CoinDesk journalists are not allowed to purchase stock outright in DCG.