Cryptocurrency is a meme.
While many declare the value of crypto lies in a set of complex technologies, in fact the value – like all value – is entirely memetic.
“Meme” is a difficult word for many, because it has been inextricably linked with “internet jokes,” but memes are in fact units of cultural transmission, or as the writer William S. Burroughs put it, word and image viruses. Memes are reproduced endlessly through culture.
Consider “physical” memes like the peace sign or middle finger, “mental” memes like good and evil, and “world-building” memes like the state. These all began as ideas, which “caught on” and reproduced themselves through culture.
All currencies have been built on memetics, but crypto is now the closest to the source; it often does not pretend to have a material basis.
In essence, crypto rises and falls with belief, with vibe. While that has made crypto extremely volatile, with huge price surges and crashes, few have grasped the logic behind these shifts.
Dogecoin, celebrities and memes
Dogecoin (DOGE) is the most vital “meme coin,” declaring no value other than its link to the popular meme of a Shina Ibu dog. Through the popularity of the meme, the memetic spread bolstered by celebrities, DOGE skyrocketed from a minuscule fraction of a cent for most of its history to a high of 74 cents during the pandemic. It’s down to pennies again. While Elon Musk’s seeming endorsement might have pumped the price for a time, association with the billionaire muddied the meme’s character, hurting its value over the long term.
While the meteoric rise of various cryptocurrencies has been attributed to a multitude of factors, the most essential is memetic virulence.
Those who can grasp the memetic nature of not only crypto, but all value, can gain immense power by reading these natural flows of meaning. To do this, one must build a symbolic understanding, as symbols are the radicles of meaning. The field of meme analysis posits memetics as an essentially psychoanalytic pursuit: to grasp the unconscious significance of images, symbols and phrases and to trace their libidinal flows.
Meme analysis offers a unique insight into memetics, avoiding popular political and economic modalities and aiming for unconscious meaning, stripped of superficial morals and biases. The irrational unconscious doesn’t trade in logics and manufactured systems, but solely in spontaneous energetics.
Economists have failed to make sense of these irrational processes, building their own esoteric methods while ignoring the archetypal patterns at play. J.P. Morgan (the tycoon, not the bank he founded) put it best: “Millionaires don’t use astrology, billionaires do.”
Just as the ancient Chinese believed that observing natural cosmic processes would illuminate human processes, Western occultists structured cosmic systems for understanding man. Though these are often derided as pseudosciences, that critique has been leveled at economics as well. In truth, both are grappling with fundamentally irrational processes that defy simple laws, making the esoteric a necessity.
Investors must be cognizant of this essential instability. Treating investment like a computer program works in a relatively stable market, but the volatility of crypto defies such shoehorning.
The French writer Georges Bataille declared, “tragedy is the impotence of reason,” perfectly illustrating the inherent inadequacy of rational analysis. A rational analysis of irrational processes is bound to fail.
NFTs, memes and the irrationality of markets
This is where psychoanalysis and occultism come into play. Both grapple with the irrational through the mechanisms of the irrational: symbols and language, which is to say memes. The formulation of a memetic approach to economics is a necessity, especially in regard to cryptocurrency, the most volatile market – and the most mimetic.
This approach is ideal for the creators and entrepreneurs in the crypto world as well. By leaving behind traditional approaches to fundamental problems, they enter a new, darkened world that must be illuminated with new light, not borrowed from the systems they are working to overcome. Cryptocurrency can be made less fragile through conducive and consistent memetic branding. Things like potent colors, symbols and motifs can make or break a burgeoning power.
The inconsistent adoption of crypto endeavors has been a notable aspect of this new field: Some projects explode in popularity while others never make their first step. This has been illustrated perfectly in the non-fungible token (NFT) market, where some low-quality projects can make millions, while others make nothing. Ironically, the ugliness of some popular NFTs is precisely what makes them memetic, while the beauty of others is entirely mundane.
A study of memetics is a study of virulence. What makes art popular? Why do businesses succeed? Rational answers to these questions are constantly offered. Their success is linked to established fundamentals. But sometimes meteoric popularity can’t be explained in rational terms. It can appear as if failure and success are totally random, or at best fated.
To understand the volatility of this world, we must see the world as the ancients did: a playground for immense inhuman energies that we understand as symbols and what can now be called memes.
Also in the 'Big Ideas' series:
The Coming InDAOstrial Revolution by Julie Fredrickson
Distributed autonomous organizations give humans a chance to build bigger, weirder things on radical timelines, just as the advent of the corporation paved the way to the Industrial Revolution.
Trustless Evidence: Web 3 Is Helping Document War Crimes in Ukraine by Jonathan Dotan
In an era of misinformation, blockchain technology can renew our faith in evidential truth, not least during the current conflict in Ukraine, says Jonathan Dotan, the founding director of The Starling Lab.
How Web 3 Changes Philanthropy by Rhys Lindmark
Rhys Lindmark, a "Big Ideas" speaker at CoinDesk's Consensus festival, on how the crypto generation could rewrite the rules of charitable giving.
Let’s Use New Forms of Money to Commit to Our Communities by Matthew Prewitt
More local money could lessen the incentive to “exit” the communities who need the resources, says Matt Prewitt, president of the RadicalxChange Foundation.
Forecasting, Prediction Markets and the Age of Better Information by Clay Graubard and Andrew Eaddy
Quantified forecasting is an invaluable and yet underused tool, and prediction markets appear a vital tool for its adoption.
The leader in news and information on cryptocurrency, digital assets and the future of money, CoinDesk is a media outlet that strives for the highest journalistic standards and abides by a strict set of editorial policies. CoinDesk is an independent operating subsidiary of Digital Currency Group, which invests in cryptocurrencies and blockchain startups. As part of their compensation, certain CoinDesk employees, including editorial employees, may receive exposure to DCG equity in the form of stock appreciation rights, which vest over a multi-year period. CoinDesk journalists are not allowed to purchase stock outright in DCG.