Cryptocurrency traders showed significantly less enthusiasm as bitcoin traded at $12,000 Tuesday compared to when bitcoin reached the same level nearly two months ago, based on futures funding rates from multiple exchanges.

  • When bitcoin traded near $12,000 throughout August, finally reaching the key level mid-month, funding rates for perpetual futures turned acutely positive across leading derivative exchanges, reflecting the market's bullishness.
  • As bitcoin revisited $12,000 Tuesday, however, funding rates reacted differently, staying flat or turning negative, indicating a lack of the same bullishness two months ago.
  • A mechanism unique to perpetual futures contracts, funding rates are set by the market and vary over time as traders put on and take off positions. When the market is bullish, funding rates turn positive, and traders taking long positions pay short sellers. When the market is bearish, funding turns negative, and short sellers pay.
  • Funding rates across Binance, Bitfinex, BitMEX, and Deribit futures markets started turning negative Saturday and Sunday as bitcoin started trading above the low $11,000 levels, according to data aggregated by Glassnode. As bitcoin tapped $12,000 Tuesday, rates stayed negative or went flat.
Bitcoin price and historical funding rates from includes funding rates from Binance, Bitfinex, BitMEX and Deribit since July 2020
Source: Glassnode, CoinDesk Research
  • A string of negative news over the past few weeks may be to blame for the market's less-than-bullish sentiment, according to Aditya Das, cryptocurrency market analyst at Brave New Coin, who said he thinks some traders may have been "spooked" and closed their long positions or put on shorts.
  • Funding on FTX and Huobi similarly stayed negative throughout the week's entire opening rally, according to data aggregated by Skew.
  • Futures traders on OKEx, the largest derivatives exchange by open interest, in fact became increasingly bearish Tuesday amid bitcoin’s rally. The exchange’s ratio of long to short positions steadily dropped from 0.79 at Tuesday’s open to 0.67 at last check, as short sellers outnumbered bitcoin bulls.
  • Despite the lack of bullishness from futures traders, traditional market asset allocators and crypto-market investors are still actively "redenominating" into bitcoin, according to Kyle Davies, co-founder of Three Arrows Capital, continuing what he calls "the story of Q3 2020."
  • Davies told CoinDesk, "We generally see this kind of spot-led move precipitate a period of speculation."
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