The world's largest mining firm by market value intends to begin using the ethereum blockchain to improve its supply chain processes.
BHP Billiton revealed at the second annual Global Blockchain Summit that it will use blockchain to record movements of wellbore rock and fluid samples and better secure the real-time data that is generated during delivery. According to BHP geophysicist R Tyler Smith, the new system will enable benefits for its internal efficiency while allowing it to work more effectively with partners.
Smith explained that BHP relies on vendors at nearly every stage in the mining process, contracting with geologists and shipping companies to collect samples and conduct analyses that drive business decisions that occur with parties distributed across continents.
"With blockchain, we would share data between the vendor and ourselves, and have a constant understanding of where it is," Smith told CoinDesk, adding:
"Everything right now is being tracked through spreadsheets."
Smith explained that, with the help of a solution developed by blockchain startups BlockApps and Consensys, BHP intends to begin requiring that its vendors use the technology to collect live data this year.
While introducing a new technology to an existing operation may seem risky, Smith said he's confident in the user experience the app will provide.
"The web application is designed for the vendor. The vendor will see a dashboard and options on what to do that are very streamlined to their job," Smith said.
More broadly, Smith noted that the UK and Australia-based mining firm is distributed globally, and that because of this, he foresees more ways that its internal entities could use blockchain for more enhanced data sharing.
In addition working with ethereum, BHP is also running its own nodes on the InterPlanetary File System (IPFS), a peer-to-peer file sharing protocol that is increasingly being used in conjunction with blockchain systems.
Smith added: "We are looking at lots of different use cases."
Far from using blockchain as a form of currency, BHP’s solution envisions how its existing processes could be replicated on a blockchain as a way to prove benefits of the technology.
Smith said that the use case proves blockchain solutions can achieve decentralized file storage, multi-party data acquisition and immutability, all aspects that he believes will enhance the supply chain.
For example, the location of the well, he said, cannot be edited, but other aspects can be updated with new metadata to reflect relevant information, and that data that will also be immediately accessible.
Under the hood, the blockchain won't be moving between addresses, but rather changing its state, updating data fields by logging in with a standard username and password.
While certain elements of the system are the same, he said that overall the platform provides new efficiencies.
"The data is more transparent, we can see where the analysis was provided by a vendor or ask if we need to do more robust analysis," Smith said.
Moving to production
The product launch is also a milestone for BlockApps, the blockchain startup that built the BHP solution and that recently closed a pre-Series A funding round that value of which was not disclosed.
Kieren James-Lubin, founder of BlockApps, sees the collaboration with BHP as one that has significance for the broader blockchain space as it is "not about value movement".
"There are so many financial use cases and this is one of the first instances where we’re using it for a non-financial scenario," he told CoinDesk.
James-Lubin said that the app also helped his startup learn more about the needs of enterprise institutions, helping it advance and iterate on a user experience that would be accessible to those who are less familiar with its inner-workings.
"The requirements that we’ve surfaced have been a tremendous help to us in feeding back into the platform," he said, concluding:
"Where the tech needs to go, the direction is increasingly that it is going to come from the enterprise."
Mining rig image via Shutterstock