Update (17th September 3:00 BST): A full translation of the statement from the Bangladesh Bank has been added to the piece.
The Bangladesh Bank, as originally reported by the Agence France-Presse (AFP), has said that the use of bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies is unlawful under existing anti-money laundering (AML) statutes.
The Bangladesh Bank noted in its advisory that harsh penalties could be imposed on those who use digital currencies, saying:
"Bitcoin is not a legal tender of any country. Any transaction through bitcoin or any other cryptocurrency is a punishable offense."
AFP also reportedly spoke to a representative from the bank, who said that the act of using a digital currency could be punishable by as much as 12 years in prison.
Bangladesh recently enacted Money Laundering Prevention Act, 2012, a revision of a 2009 law that aimed to bring the country's AML policies up to global standards.
Popularity leads to announcement
Notably, the bank's decision to outlaw digital currency transactions derived from increasing reports in the local media regarding the use of bitcoin by domestic residents.
The announcement follows the formation of the Bitcoin Foundation's official chapter in Bangladesh, the organisation's first affiliate program in Asia. The Bitcoin Foundation Bangladesh opened to great fanfare in mid-August and counts international bitcoin evangelist Roger Ver among its advisors.
At the time, members of the group expressed optimism that formal recognition of the group would lead to greater domestic awareness of the technology.
At press time, the Bitcoin Foundation and Ver had yet to respond to requests for comment.
Latest nation to restrict bitcoin
With the announcement, Bangladesh became the latest nation to restrict bitcoin activities outright, although it is not clear whether the country has enacted a formal digital currency ban.
Bolivia's central bank, for example, banned bitcoin earlier this year, saying that it had taken the action in order to protect both Bolivia's national currency, the boliviano, and its citizens.
Soon after, bitcoin was banned in Ecuador as part of a legislative vote that created a new state-backed digital money. Though not named specifically in the bill, the ban was formally affirmed in statements to local businesses.
While other central banks around the world have issued warnings about the use of digital currency, potential dangers and the risk of fraudulent applications, many have avoided outright restrictions.
A full transation of the statements can be found below:
This is hereby to caution everyone not to transact any online artificial currency (such as bitcoin).
It has come to the Bangladesh Bank's attention that there is some news of exchanging online artificial currency (cryptocurrency) such as bitcoin. According to online news reports, we came to know that various platforms (exchange platform) are buying and selling bicoins.
As a matter of fact, bitcoin is not a legal currency (legal tender) issued by any country. Bangladesh Bank or any organization of Bangladesh government does not approve any transaction of bitcoin or any other artificial online currency.
Bitcoin and it's transactions operate mainly through online network and it does not depend/approved by a central payment system, as such, people can be financially harmed. Transactions of these kind of currency could involve unapproved matters stated in Foreign Currency Control Act, 1947 and will be punishable by it. Moreover, users of these kind of currency will also be punishable by Money Laundering Control Act, 2012 for disobeying the stated act.
So all people, from all walks of life are hereby requested not to transact/help transactions and spread information about it to avoid financial or legal risk.
CoinDesk is monitoring this developing story.
Bangladesh flag image via Shutterstock