The Reserve Bank of India's governor and two deputy governors made statements about bitcoin during gatherings earlier this month, comments that hint at the ongoing regulatory debate in the region.
Toward the end of his speech Gandhi addressed two subjects - cryptocurrencies and crowdfunding. While he said the technologies have the potential to be disruptive, he was quick to note they could also have undesirable consequences if left unchecked.
"Digital currencies and crowdfunding have the potential to support criminal, anti-social activities like money laundering, terrorist funding and tax evasion. While we do not have any reported instances of crowdfunding in this respect, cryptocurrencies have been widely suspected to finance criminal activities. We have to be carefully and critically watching these developments.”
Acknowledging that the technology can assist financial inclusion, Gandhi went on to say that cryptocurrency can help alleviate transaction settlement concerns.
India’s government disclosed last year that the RBI was exploring digital currencies. Back in December 2013, the bank issued a warning on the subject and stated it was beginning to investigate the technology.
In separate comments, deputy governor Subhash Sheoratan Mundra, reports India’s The Economic Times, suggested that global coordination among regulators is needed to address the volatility and crime-related risks of digital currencies.
"These are the kinds of global innovations and by very nature and design.....it will be something which would need a global coordination rather than a framework which can be location specific,” Mundra said, according to the source.
These comments come days after RBI governor Raghuram Rajam remarked on the central bank’s policy toward digital currencies.
Speaking at an event hosted by State Bank of India, Rajam said that more investigation is necessary before the central bank decides to take any action, according to a report by The Financial Express.
"We have to examine and I would say we shouldn't intervene strongly until we understand it better," he said. "But we have to watch it, which means we have to be much more active in gathering market intelligence and in situation where it is clear that it is illegal, to bring it to the notice of law enforcement authorities."
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